Agro-ecology is one of MELCA’s programs that focuses on Community Based Agro-biodiversity Management (CBAM).
A community-based agro-biodiversity management is a program whereby farmers get the necessary support and technical assistance to conserve their traditional seed varieties and maintain on farm diversity to strengthen their adaptive capacity to the effects of climate change.
Supporting farmers to conserve, use and develop genetic diversity of crops of local importance is the core strategy both for achieving food security in general, and for climate change adaptation. Crop genetic diversity is best conserved on-farm (or in situ) and tested and utilized by smallholder farmers.
Accordingly, the overall objective of the program is supporting farmers to conserve, use and develop genetic diversity of crops of local importance with a target of bringing about sustainable climate change adaptation among farmer communities.
The methodologies designed for the achievement of the foregoing objective are:
– Restoration of displaced crop variety and/or introduction of new crop variety of farmers’ preferences,
– Promotion of on-farm conservation and use of different crops as an adaptation strategy to natural shocks,
– Securing stock of farmers’ variety seeds for the community through community seed bank system,
– Training farmers on Participatory Variety Selection (PVS),